Neurotology or neuro-otology is a branch of a clinical pharmaceutical which studies and treats neurological disarranges of the ear. It is a subspecialty of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery and is firmly identified with ontology, and furthermore draws on the fields of neurology and neurosurgery. Otology, by and large, alludes to the treatment of center ear ailment and resultant conductive hearing misfortune, while neurotology alludes to the treatment of internal ear conditions, or hearing and adjust issue. These pros likewise work with audiologists and related tangible authorities.
Neurotologists are doctors who have had some expertise in otolaryngology and after that further had practical experience in neurological states of the ear and related structures. Numerous general otolaryngologists are prepared in otology or center ear surgery, performing surgery, for example, a tympanoplasty, or a reproduction of the eardrum, when a gap stays from an earlier ear tube or earlier disease. Otologic surgery additionally incorporates treatment of conductive hearing misfortune by remaking the hearing bones, or ossicles, because of contamination, or by supplanting the stapes bone with a stapedectomy for otosclerosis.
Neurotologists work on acoustic neuromas, glomus tumors, and different conditions discovered somewhere down in the skull. The accompanying are the most common conditions in neurotology and otology: Ear/Hearing issue: Progressive hearing misfortune (from early hearing misfortune to significant deafness)Neurotology envelops more perplexing surgery of the internal ear not regularly performed by general otolaryngologists, for example, evacuation of complex cholesteatoma, labyrinthectomy, surgery of the endolymphatic sac for Meniere’s malady and cochlear embed surgery, as a result of the extra danger of hearing misfortune, vertigo, and facial nerve loss of motion.
Conditions treated by neurotologists include:
- Vestibular (adjust) sicknesses, for example, Ménière’s infection and vestibular neuronitis
- Skull base tumors, for example, vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma)
- Facial nerve issue, including facial nerve loss of motion
- Hearing misfortune and deafness